Memoria Historica de la Alameda (2005) is a site-specific and participatory project running on a DIY locative media platform named Cultural Luggage. Cultural Luggage is a low-cost combination of hardware and own-made software consisting in a compact rucksack with a laptop, a GPS receiver and a handheld device that enables people to browse geo-referenced content directly in the physical space. This solution allows augmenting the urban exploration experience thanks to the diachronic relation between what surrounds the user in a certain moment and the related memories of that location.

Alameda and the memory

"Go forward knowing that, sooner rather than later, the great avenues (tr. Alamedas) will open again and free men will walk through them to construct a better society." - Salvador Allende (from the last public discourse on Sep. 11, 1973)

"It is better to be silent and forget. This is what we should do. We have to forget. And this is not going to happen opening cases, sending people to jail. FOR-GET: this is the word, and in order to happen, both sides have to forget and keep working". - Ex-general Augusto Pinochet (September 13, 1995 - in a public discourse two days after the 22nd anniversary of the military coup)


Memoria Historica de la Alameda was conceived and developed during the “Aesthetics for a Calm Technology” workshop held at the Arts department at the Universidad de Chile. Students from the course participated in the production of contents conducing extensive archives research, gathering documentary footages, street interviews and recording personal memories about the history and everyday life in Alameda boulevard. Finally, contents were edited, transposed on a video format for PDA handsets and geo-referenced to specific locations along Alameda de las Delicias boulevard.

During the period of “Aesthetics for a Calm Technology” workshop, participants further explored the topic of urban space and media representation through other projects:

2005-2010: where does MHA go to?

After five years from the original deployment (July 2005), MHA team decided to update the website with new contents and some reflection regarding what the project keeps meaning nowadays.

In these years, we have assisted to an impressive technological development and the global wide-spread of the Web and its tools. Whereas back in the days certain practices were just emergent and the assemblage of a low-cost locative media platform was requiring craftsmanship and hacking efforts, today every modern handset embeds GPS modules and advanced computational capabilities at affordable prices. Although now we look at Cultural Luggage as a romantic solution - a piece of technological archeology - on the other hand we are still committed to the topic of memory and its relation with the urban space. In particular - as in the first version of MHA - we look at the current media and platforms opportunities as ways to support the participatory process of production, collection and dissemination of media regarding the city and its history. From this perspective, the current scenario is radically different compared to 5 years ago especially if we consider the democratic access to production and dissemination tools. Compared to the first MHA project, the content production and browsing is not anymore constrained only to people being part of the team or wearing the Cultural Luggage but potentially free to everybody with Internet access and a handset.

We are still determined to explore the concept of texture in relation to the urban spaces and the layers of significations that people associate to these spaces in the years. As in Lefebvre (The Production of Space, 1977), "a the texture of space affords opportunities not only to social acts with no particular place in it and no particular link with it, but also to a spatial practice that it does indeed determine, namely in its collective and individual use: a sequence of acts which embody a signifying practice". Similarly to our technological approach for the original MHA work, we look at the current tools not only for their opportunities in terms of media production and access but also as instruments to create new forms of social interactions. According to the authors, such interactions shouldn't be limited only to the online realm (as in the so-called Web2.0) but rather implying a co-presence in the physical space that fosters citizens' conversations.

Here, our final goal is to truly achieve the initial MHA goal: to create a polyphonic representation of witnesses on a site-specific basis that narrate the city from a number of perspectives. In other words, to express the collective experience related to the urban space and stress La Alameda for its iconic value along the Chilean history.

Exhibited at

Press clippings

Cultural Luggage (2005)

Cultural Luggage consists of a compact rucksack containing a portable computer, a GPS receiver and a PDA. Cultural Luggage system uses a own-made software, based on a software package that makes different hardwares and data formats working together. The software decodes in real-time the coordinates received through the GPS receiver, determines latitude and longitude of the current location and whether the user is crossing an area being described by a Point-of-Interest or not. When crossing these areas of interest, Cultural Luggage downloads and displays on the PDA relevant rich-media contents that are specific to the space. According to this, the platform creates an augmented experience of the space, often built on a diachronic basis: memories and facts of the past (rich-media content) that can be directly compared with nowadays conditions.


Memoria Historica de la Alameda by MHA team is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 Chile License.
Based on a work at www.memorialameda.cl. Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at http://www.memorialameda.cl.

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